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DCS Forest Fire Monitoring System

Forest fires pose a serious threat to ecological systems, infrastructure and human lives. So early fire detection and fast human intervention are essential to minimize damage. The need for a complete information system that will address these issues, became a priority for Data & Control Systems.

The station responsible for fire and smoke detection is an autonomous unit that continuously operates scanning predefined forest areas. When an event occurs the station communicates with main server and notifies the control center.

1. Hardware
ForestGuardian excels in detection and the ease of installation. This is due to a lightweight but durable pole, that minimize installation costs.

2. Software
Fire detection software locally processes still images retrieved from the camera. In case of an alarm (smoke or fire) it notifies through the modem the control center where the system administrator is located.

3. Weather Station
TCS is a complete meteorological station that in real time updates the control center with vital information's.

Wind speed & direction
Precipitation sensor
Temperature & Humidity
Fuel Moisture/Temperature Sensors

4. Link to Control Center

Various telecommunication technologies can be adopted, depending on the morphology of the installation site.

Satellite link
GPRS link (local company)
Radio link

5. Control Center – Alert Verification

The task of a human operator is to confirm or discard possible fire alarms. After a fire alarm is generated and suspicious part of the image is marked, the human operator confirms or discards the alarm.

If the human operator is not sure about a fire alarm he could switch the system to manual operation and make additional inspections using camera pan, tilt and zoom features. The usage of automatic surveillance system, increases human operator efficiency.

6. Control Center – GIS database

The Geographical Information System (GIS) provides information on vital
geographical data, like natural rain-water resource locations, water tanks, soil characteristics and local forest roads.
Time is critical at emergency situations like a forest fire, so in order to secure the necessary quantity of water to supply fire engines in case of a fire incident exact location of water supplies has to be known.

7. Control Center –Fleet Management

Fleet Management system is an integrated application that can track and depict the fire department vehicles on Google maps in real time. The system is based on global navigation satellite GPS technology (Global Positioning System), GSM/GPRS telecommunication interfaces and Geographical Information System (Google Maps).

The web-based monitoring and administration application can greatly help with the administration of current vehicles’ position, routes etc. and their depiction on Google maps.

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